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The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is a US legislation that was enacted under the HITECH Act under Bill Clinton’s presidency with the intention of offering safeguards for medical information through its data privacy and security provisions. The Act consists of five sections. Also called titles, they are these:
HIPAA compliance is, as any healthcare professional involved in work related to it in one or another way would attest, the most important requirement for a HIPAA-governed entity. Covered Entities and Business Associates have to comply with HIPAA regulations and safeguard HIPAA provisions with their lives, so to speak, because it is a matter of their very existence as a business entity.
A look at what happens in the event of HIPAA noncompliance is instructive: